Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International 2021-03-09T09:18:08+00:00 Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International (ISSN:&nbsp;2456-9119)</strong> is dedicated to publish&nbsp;high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JPRI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;in all areas of pharmaceutical Science including pharmaceutical drugs, community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, compounding pharmacy, consultant pharmacy, internet pharmacy, veterinary pharmacy, nuclear pharmacy, military pharmacy, pharmacy informatics, pharmaceutics, medicinal chemistry, pharmacognosy, pharmacotherapy, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, clinical pharmacology, neuropharmacology, psychopharmacology, pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics, pharmacoepidemiology, toxicology, theoretical pharmacology, posology, pharmacognosy, behavioral pharmacology, environmental pharmacology, medicine development and safety testing, drug legislation and safety, pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmaceutical molecular biology, pharmaceutical biotechnology.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Medications' Prescribing Pattern in the General Surgery Outpatient Department 2021-03-08T12:17:59+00:00 Nehad J. Ahmed <p><strong>Aim</strong><strong>:</strong> The aim of this study was to evaluate the drugs’ prescribing pattern in general surgery department of a public hospital in Alkharj.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>:</strong> The present retrospective study included collecting data from the general surgery outpatient pharmacy prescriptions from a public hospital in Alkharj from 1st of June 2018 to 31th December 2018.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The total number of outpatients who received prescriptions from general surgery outpatient department was 319. Most of them were males (52.35%) and aged less than 50 years (79.31%). Most of the prescriptions were written by residents (47.02). The most prescribed medication was paracetamol (21.32%) followed by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (12.85%), ciprofloxacin (12.85%), and metronidazole (6.27%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>: </strong>The study showed that antibiotics and analgesics were the most commonly prescribed drug classes in outpatient surgery department. Continuous monitoring for the prescribing of these drugs is essential to increase the wise use of these medications. More awareness workshops and educational programs for surgeons are needed for the prescribing of these drugs.</p> 2021-03-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Views of the Public on Making Decisions about over the Counter Medications and Their Attitudes towards Evidence of Effectiveness 2021-03-08T12:29:31+00:00 Nehad J. Ahmed Abdulrahman S. Alrawili Faisal Z. Alkhawaja <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This study aimed to determine the public views on making decisions about over the counter drugs and their attitudes towards evidence of their effectiveness.</p> <p>Methodology: The present study includes gathering data from the public using a survey that was adapted from a previous study. This survey was translated from English to Arabic language and was converted to an online form using Google Forms and then the link was sent to be completed by the public.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The survey was completed by 102 respondents.&nbsp;&nbsp; Most of the respondents agreed that the most important factors that influence their purchases of medications were the safety of the product (73.53%) and the efficacy of the drug (71.57). Most of the respondents agreed that the main methods of determining the effectiveness of the medication included the previous using of the drug (76.5%) and the physician recommendation to use it by a (75.5%). Only about 49.02% of them agreed that the majority of non-prescription medicines are supported by scientific evidence from drug trials to prove they are effective.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study highlighted positive views and attitudes toward the use of OTC drugs. It is important to increase the awareness of the public about how to use these drugs wisely.<strong>&nbsp; </strong>Community pharmacists should play a crucial role in optimizing medication use and in patients counseling.</p> 2021-03-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Maternal Practices Regarding Oral Antibiotics Administration 2021-03-09T09:11:36+00:00 Atyat Mohammed Hassan <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This study was to evaluate the maternal practices regarding oral antibiotics administration.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>A cross-sectional descriptive study design was utilized. A convenient <em>sample</em> of one hundred mothers who were visiting the general and chest out-patient clinics and fulfilling the study criteria was enrolled. One structured interview <em>questionnaire</em> was designed specifically for this study after a thorough review of the literature and previous researches<strong>. </strong>It included two parts: Personal characteristics of the mothers and their practices in administering oral antibiotics for their young children.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The study results found that the mean age of mothers was 27.3± 4.6 years, 26.00% were illiterate and 78.00% were housewives. Also, showed that 70.0% of mothers had poor scores regarding antibiotics administration. Likewise, 66% of the studied mothers didn't complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed regardless of the child's improvements. Too, 42% of mothers were using the teaspoon followed by 30.0% using syringe to measure antibiotic doses. Moreover, 78% were giving the previously prescribed antibiotics without prescription. Furthermore, there was a highly statistically positive correlation found as regard mothers' education and their total score of practices (r=0.29, P=0.003). Also, statistically positive correlations were found between mothers' age, occupation, and residence and their total score of knowledge (r= 0.16, 0.25, 0.18, P=0.09, 0.01 and 0.008) respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The majority of mothers had poor scores regarding the total score of oral antibiotics practices. Too, the errors during antibiotics administration were evident by mothers. So, the ministry of health should set a policy to limit un-prescribed antibiotics purchasing from pharmacy shops.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Prescribing Pattern of Medications in Ear, Nose and Throat Outpatient Department of a Public Hospital 2021-03-09T09:18:08+00:00 Nehad J. Ahmed <p><strong>Aim:</strong> This study aimed to describe the prescribing pattern of medications in ear, nose and throat outpatient department of a public hospital in Alkharj.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>:</strong> The present retrospective study included collecting data from outpatient pharmacy prescriptions from a public hospital in Alkharj. The data was processed using Microsoft Excel 2016 and the descriptive data was represented as frequencies and percentages.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>: </strong>Most of the prescriptions were written by residents (79.12%). Most of the medications were prescribed as Tablet/Capsule (39.06), Nasal Drop (20.03) and Nasal Spray (16.00%). The most prescribed medication was budesonide (16.16%) followed by xylometasoline (11.62%), paracetamol (11.45%) and amoxicillin/clavulanic Acid (9.60%)</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> The study revealed that the most common classes of drug prescribed for E.N.T patients were steroids such as budesonide, antibiotics amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and decongestants such as xylometasoline. It is important to increase the awareness of healthcare providers and patients about these drugs. It is also important to monitor medications prescribing to make sure that they are prescribed and used appropriately.</p> 2021-03-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##